Roman Kingdom

Roman Kingdom
Roma (Latin)
753 BC–509 BC
The ancient quarters of Rome
The ancient quarters of Rome
Common languagesOld Latin
Roman religion
GovernmentElective monarchy
• 753–716 BC
• 715–672 BC
Numa Pompilius
• 672–640 BC
Tullus Hostilius
• 640–616 BC
Ancus Marcius
• 616–578 BC
L. Tarquinius Priscus
• 578–534 BC
Servius Tullius
• 534–509 BC
L. Tarquinius Superbus
Historical eraIron Age
753 BC
509 BC
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Latial culture
Alba Longa
Etruscan civilization
Roman Republic
Today part of

The Roman Kingdom, also referred to as the Roman monarchy or the regal period of ancient Rome, was the earliest period of Roman history when the city and its territory were ruled by kings. According to tradition, the Roman Kingdom began with the city's founding c. 753 BC, with settlements around the Palatine Hill along the river Tiber in central Italy, and ended with the overthrow of the kings and the establishment of the Republic c. 509 BC.

Little is certain about the kingdom's history as no records and few inscriptions from the time of the kings survive. The accounts of this period written during the Republic and the Empire are thought largely to be based on oral tradition.