Red Sea

Red Sea
Red sea coast, Makadi bay.jpg
Red Sea coast at Makadi Bay
Red Sea topographic map-en.jpg
LocationNorth Africa, East Africa and Western Asia
Coordinates22°N 38°E / 22°N 38°E / 22; 38Coordinates: 22°N 38°E / 22°N 38°E / 22; 38
TypeSea
Primary inflowsBarka River, Haddas River, Anseba River, Wadi Gasus
Primary outflowsBab el Mandeb
Basin countriesDjibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Yemen, Somalia, Israel, and Jordan
Max. length2,250 km (1,400 mi)
Max. width355 km (221 mi)
Surface area438,000 km2 (169,000 sq mi)
Average depth490 m (1,610 ft)
Max. depth3,040 m (9,970 ft)
Water volume233,000 km3 (56,000 cu mi)
This video over the south-eastern Mediterranean Sea and down the coastline of the Red Sea was taken by the crew of Expedition 29 on board the International Space Station.

The Red Sea (Arabic: البحر الأحمر, romanizedal-Baḥr al-ʾAḥmar; Hebrew: יַם-סוּף, romanizedyam sūf or Hebrew: הַיָּם הָאָדְוֹם, romanizedhayyām hāʾāḏōm)[1] is a seawater inlet of the Indian Ocean, lying between Africa and Asia. Its connection to the ocean is in the south, through the Bab el Mandeb strait and the Gulf of Aden. To its north lie the Sinai Peninsula, the Gulf of Aqaba, and the Gulf of Suez (leading to the Suez Canal). It is underlain by the Red Sea Rift, which is part of the Great Rift Valley.

The Red Sea has a surface area of roughly 438,000 km2 (169,100 mi2),[2] is about 2250 km (1398 mi) long, and — at its widest point — 355 km (220.6 mi) wide. It has an average depth of 490 m (1,608 ft), and in the central Suakin Trough it reaches its maximum depth of 3,040 m (9,970 ft).[3]

The Red Sea also has extensive shallow shelves, noted for their marine life and corals. The sea is the habitat of over 1,000 invertebrate species and 200 types of soft and hard coral. It is the world's northernmost tropical sea, and has been designated a Global 200 ecoregion.

  1. ^ Coptic: ⲫⲓⲟⲙ `ⲛϩⲁϩ Phiom Enhah or ⲫⲓⲟⲙ ̀ⲛϣⲁⲣⲓ Phiom ̀nšari; Tigrinya: ቀይሕ ባሕሪ Qeyih Bahri; Somali: Badda Cas
  2. ^ "STATE OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT REPORT FOR THE RED SEA AND GULF OF ADEN: 2006" (PDF). 2008-06-16. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  3. ^ Robert Dinwiddie: Ocean_ The World's Last Wilderness Revealed. Dorling Kindersley, London 2008, p. 452