Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Massachusetts Institute of Technology
MIT Seal.svg
MottoMens et Manus (Latin)
Motto in English
"Mind and Hand"[1]
TypePrivate land-grant research university
EstablishedApril 10, 1861 (1861-04-10)
FounderWilliam Barton Rogers
Academic affiliations
Endowment$27.4 billion (2021)[3]
ChancellorMelissa Nobles
PresidentL. Rafael Reif
ProvostCynthia Barnhart
Academic staff
Students11,934 (Fall 2021)[5]
Undergraduates4,638 (Fall 2021)[5]
Postgraduates7,296 (Fall 2021)[5]
42°21′35″N 71°5′31″W / 42.35972°N 71.09194°W / 42.35972; -71.09194Coordinates: 42°21′35″N 71°5′31″W / 42.35972°N 71.09194°W / 42.35972; -71.09194
CampusMidsize City,[6] 166 acres (67.2 ha)[7]
NewspaperThe Tech
Colors  Cardinal Red
  Silver Gray
Sporting affiliations
MascotTim the Beaver[10]
MIT logo.svg

The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private land-grant research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Established in 1861, MIT has since played a key role in the development of modern technology and science, ranking it among the top academic institutions in the world.[11][12][13][14]

Founded in response to the increasing industrialization of the United States, MIT adopted a European polytechnic university model and stressed laboratory instruction in applied science and engineering. The institute has an urban campus that extends more than a mile (1.6 km) alongside the Charles River, and encompasses a number of major off-campus facilities such as the MIT Lincoln Laboratory, the Bates Center, and the Haystack Observatory, as well as affiliated laboratories such as the Broad and Whitehead Institutes.

As of December 2021, 98 Nobel laureates,[15] 26 Turing Award winners, and 8 Fields Medalists have been affiliated with MIT as alumni, faculty members, or researchers.[16] In addition, 58 National Medal of Science recipients, 29 National Medals of Technology and Innovation recipients, 50 MacArthur Fellows,[17] 80 Marshall Scholars,[18] 41 astronauts,[19] 16 Chief Scientists of the U.S. Air Force, and numerous heads of states have been affiliated with MIT. The institute also has a strong entrepreneurial culture and MIT alumni have founded or co-founded many notable companies.[20][21] MIT is a member of the Association of American Universities (AAU)[22] and has received more Sloan Research Fellowships than any other university in North America.[23]

  1. ^ "Symbols: Seal". MIT Graphic Identity. MIT. Retrieved 2010-09-08.
  2. ^ "NAICU – Membership". Archived from the original on 2015-11-09.
  3. ^ As of 30 June 2021, "Report of the Treasurer" (PDF). MIT. Retrieved 2021-10-14.
  4. ^ Cite error: The named reference MITFactFacStaff was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  5. ^ a b c "Enrollment Statistics by Year". MIT Registrar's Office. Retrieved 2021-11-02.
  6. ^ "College Navigator - Massachusetts Institute of Technology".
  7. ^ Cite error: The named reference Campus was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  8. ^ "Top Ten MIT History Facts". Retrieved 2017-08-09.
  9. ^ "Colors–MIT Graphic Identity". Retrieved 2018-06-05.
  10. ^ "History of Tim". Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  11. ^ "World's 10 most prestigious universities 2016". THE World University Rankings. Times Higher Education. 2016-05-04.
  12. ^ Smith, Matthew (May 2016). "The 24 most prestigious universities in the world, according to Times Higher Education". Business Insider.
  13. ^ Denham, Jess (2013-09-10). "So why is MIT number one in the world university rankings?". Independent. Archived from the original on 2022-05-12.
  14. ^ David Altaner (2011-03-09). "Harvard, MIT Ranked Most Prestigious Universities, Study Reports". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
  15. ^ "How many Nobel Prize Laureates are affiliated with MIT?". MIT Admissions. Retrieved 2022-03-19.
  16. ^ "Notable Awards | MIT CSAIL". Retrieved 2019-10-18.
  17. ^ "MIT Facts 2018: Faculty and Staff". Retrieved 2019-03-07.
  18. ^ "Statistics". Retrieved 2019-03-08.
  19. ^ "NASA Chooses Three MIT Alumni to be Astronauts". Retrieved 2019-03-07.
  20. ^ "MIT Facts 2018: Entrepreneurship and Innovation". Retrieved 2018-04-15.
  21. ^ "Entrepreneurship and Innovation at MIT (December 2015)" (PDF). MIT.
  22. ^ "Massachusetts Institute of Technology | Association of American Universities". Retrieved 2018-08-17.
  23. ^ "Sloan Research Fellows Database". Retrieved 2022-02-15.