History of Rome

Historical affiliations

Roman Kingdom 753–509 BC
 Roman Republic 509–27 BC
 Roman Empire 27 BC–AD 395
 Western Roman Empire 286–476
Kingdom of Italy 476–493
Ostrogothic Kingdom 493–553
 Byzantine Empire 553–751
Kingdom of the Lombards 751–756
 Papal States 756–1798
Roman Republic 1798–1799
 Papal States 1799–1809
 First French Empire 1809–1814
 Papal States 1814–1849
Roman Republic 1849
 Papal States 1849–1870
 Kingdom of Italy 1870–1946
 Italian Republic 1946–present

Rome: Ruins of the Forum, Looking towards the Capitol (1742) by Canaletto

The history of Rome includes the history of the city of Rome as well as the civilisation of ancient Rome. Roman history has been influential on the modern world, especially in the history of the Catholic Church, and Roman law has influenced many modern legal systems. Roman history can be divided into the following periods:

  1. ^ Procopius, Gothic War, III.xxii. "In Rome he suffered nothing human to remain, leaving it altogether, in every part, a perfect desert."